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Table 2 Urban refugee population, NCD prevalence and access to health care in some developing countries – Data from UNHCR annual reports

From: Noncommunicable diseases among urban refugees and asylum-seekers in developing countries: a neglected health care need

Country (Urban area) Total PoC Number (%) of refugees/asylum seekers in urban area* Origin of refugee population Prevalence of NCDs in individuals older than five years Access to host country primary health care Access to host country secondary and tertiary health care**
India (Delhi) [44] 20484 20484 Afghanistan, Myanmar, Somalia CVD 1%, diabetes 2%, musculoskeletal disease 15%, renal disease 1%, respiratory disease 2% yes yes
Iran [44] 874263 852771(97.5%) Afghanistan, Iraq cancer 3%, CVD 10%, diabetes 8%, musculoskeletal disease 10%, renal disease 5%, respiratory disease 7% yes no
Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur) [44] 96691 96691 Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Somalia cancer 2%, CVD 7%, diabetes 6%, musculoskeletal disease 13%, renal disease 3%, respiratory disease 3% yes no
Cameroon (Douala) [45] 65837 7000 CAR, Rwanda, DRC   yes yes
Congo (Brazzaville) [45] 139665 7883(5.6%) DRC, Rwanda, Angola cancer 2%, CVD 28%, diabetes 8%, musculoskeletal disease 6% yes yes
DRC (Kinshasa) [45] 31281 2220(7.1%) Angola, Rwanda, Burundi CVD 6%, musculoskeletal disease 3% yes yes
Jordan (Amman) [46] (No data from 2011 fact sheet) 447332# (govern. estimate) 53353 Iraq, Somalia, Afghanistan hypercholesterolemia 45%, diabetes 16%, hypertension 19%, musculoskeletal disease (arthralgia) 11%, asthma 8% yes no#
Lebanon (Beirut) [46] 51927# 51927 Iraq, Somalia, Afghanistan hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, asthma yes yes
Cote d'Ivoire (Abidjan) [47] 3287 3287 Liberia, Congo, DRC - yes yes
Togo (Lome) [47] No data 2345 Rwanda, DRC, Congo CVD 3%, diabetes 1%, musculoskeletal disease 6%, respiratory disease 11% yes yes
Syria (Damascus) [48] 110905 110905 Iraq, Somalia, Afghanistan, Sudan CVD 4%, diabetes 6%, musculoskeletal disease 7%, respiratory disease 2% yes yes
Yemen (Sanaa, Basateen) [48] 61058 45353(74.3) Somalia, Ethiopia, Iraq CVD 1%, diabetes 1% yes yes
Egypt (Cairo) [48] 44570 44570 Sudan, Somalia Iraq, CVD 1%, diabetes 1%, renal disease 1% yes no
Kenya (Nairobi) [49] 548603 52472(9.6) Somalia, Ethiopia, Congo CVD 1%, diabetes 1%, respiratory disease 1% yes yes
Uganda (Kampala) [49] 108619 42500(39%) DRC, Somalia, Eritrea diabetes 2% yes yes
  1. Notes:
  2. *UNHCR refers to as People of Concern (PoC).
  3. **Refugees pay the same amount for national/government secondary and tertiary health care as host country nationals.
  4. #2008 data; including both registered and unregistered Iraqi refugees.
  5. CVD: Cardiovascular Disease, DRC: Democratic Republic of Congo.