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Table 2 Global burden of disease and injury attributable to selected risk factors, 1990

From: The evolution of the Global Burden of Disease framework for disease, injury and risk factor quantification: developing the evidence base for national, regional and global public health action

Risk factor Deaths (thousands) As % of total deaths YLLs (thousands) As % of total YLLs YLDs (thousands) As % of total YLDs DALYs (thousands) As % of total DALYs
Malnutrition 5 881 11.7 199 486 22.0 20 089 4.2 219 575 15.9
Poor water supply sanitation and personal and domestic hygiene 2 668 5.3 85 520 9.4 7 872 1.7 93 392 6.8
Unsafe sex 1 095 2.2 27 602 3.0 21 100 4.5 48 702 3.5
Tobacco 3 038 6.0 26 217 2.9 9 965 2.1 36 182 2.6
Alcohol 774 1.5 19 287 2.1 28 400 6.0 47 687 3.5
Occupation 1 129 2.2 22 493 2.5 15 394 3.3 37 887 2.7
Hypertension 2 918 5.8 18 665 1.9 1 411 0.3 19 076 1.4
Physical inactivity 1 991 3.9 11 353 1.3 2 300 0.5 13 653 1.0
Illicit drugs 100 0.2 2 634 0.3 5 834 1.2 8 467 0.6
Air pollution 568 1.1 5 625 0.6 1 630 0.3 7 254 0.5
  1. Source: Murray and Lopez (10)