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  1. Many of the harms created by the global soft drink industry that directly influence human and planetary health are well documented. However, some of the ways in which the industry indirectly affects population...

    Authors: Benjamin Wood, Phil Baker, Gyorgy Scrinis, David McCoy, Owain Williams and Gary Sacks

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:138

    Content type: Research

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  2. Global health diplomacy (GHD) focuses on the actions taken by diverse stakeholders from different nations –governments, multilateral agents, and civil society– to phenomena that can affect population health an...

    Authors: German Guerra, Emanuel Orozco, Paulina Jiménez, Arne Ruckert, Ronald Labonté and Nelly Salgado de Snyder

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:137

    Content type: Research

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  3. In Tonga, import duties were lowered on tinned fish and seafood in 2013 and raised on soft drinks, dripping and other animal fats. Additional import duties were applied to soft drinks and dripping and other fa...

    Authors: Colin Bell, Catherine Latu, Elisiva Na’ati, Wendy Snowdon, Marj Moodie and Gade Waqa

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:136

    Content type: Research

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  4. Papua New Guinea (PNG) experienced positive GDP growth at approximately 4.3% per year during the last decade. With increases in overall wealth within the country, PNG is facing a double burden of malnutrition:...

    Authors: Emily Schmidt and Peixun Fang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:135

    Content type: Research

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  5. Public health concerns relating to international investment liberalization have centred on the potential for investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS)-related regulatory chill. However, the broader political an...

    Authors: Penelope Milsom, Richard Smith, Phillip Baker and Helen Walls

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:134

    Content type: Review

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  6. In recent years, “nudging” has become a standard behavioral intervention at the individual level and for the design of social policies. Although nudges are effective, such interventions seem to be limited to a...

    Authors: Jakub M. Krawiec, Olga M. Piaskowska, Piotr F. Piesiewicz and Wojciech Białaszek

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:132

    Content type: Debate

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  7. Shortage of skilled workforce is a global concern but represents a critical bottleneck to Africa’s development. While global academic partnerships have the potential to help tackle this development bottleneck,...

    Authors: Abebaw Fekadu, Esubalew Assefa, Abraham Tesfaye, Charlotte Hanlon, Belete Adefris, Tsegahun Manyazewal, Melanie J. Newport and Gail Davey

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:131

    Content type: Commentary

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  8. Illicit trade of tobacco negatively affects countries’ tobacco control efforts. It leads to lower tobacco prices and makes tobacco products more accessible to vulnerable populations. In this study, we construc...

    Authors: Valerie Gilbert Ulep, Monica Paula Lavares and Ariza Francisco

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:130

    Content type: Research

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  9. Developing essential health services through non-governmental organisations (NGOs) is an important strategy for progressing towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC), especially in low- and middle-income countri...

    Authors: Arman Sanadgol, Leila Doshmangir, Reza Majdzadeh and Vladimir Sergeevich Gordeev

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:129

    Content type: Research

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  10. A special session of the World Health Assembly (WHA) will be convened in late 2021 to consider developing a WHO convention, agreement or other international instrument on pandemic preparedness and response – a...

    Authors: Ronald Labonté, Mary Wiktorowicz, Corinne Packer, Arne Ruckert, Kumanan Wilson and Sam Halabi

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:128

    Content type: Commentary

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  11. Authors: Tracy Kuo Lin, Tim A. Bruckner, Taghred Alghaith, Mariam M. Hamza, Mohammed Alluhidan, Christopher H. Herbst, Hussah Alghodaier, Adwa Alamri, Rana Saber, Nahar Alazemi and Jenny X. Liu

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:127

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Globalization and Health 2021 17:105

  12. Migrants commonly maintain transnational ties as they relocate and settle in a new country. There is a growing body of research examining transnationalism and health. We sought to identify how transnationalism...

    Authors: Ye Na Kim, Marcelo Urquia, Sarah Fredsted Villadsen and Lisa Merry

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:126

    Content type: Research

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  13. The aggressive marketing of breastmilk substitutes (BMS) reduces breastfeeding, and harms child and maternal health globally. Yet forty years after the World Health Assembly adopted the International Code of M...

    Authors: Phillip Baker, Paul Zambrano, Roger Mathisen, Maria Rosario Singh-Vergeire, Ana Epefania Escober, Melissa Mialon, Mark Lawrence, Katherine Sievert, Cherie Russell and David McCoy

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:125

    Content type: Research

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  14. Understanding the differences in timing and composition of physical distancing policies is important to evaluate the early global response to COVID-19. A physical distancing intensity monitoring framework comp...

    Authors: Jeff Lane, Arianna Rubin Means, Kevin Bardosh, Anna Shapoval, Ferruccio Vio, Clive Anderson, Anya Cushnie, Norbert Forster, Jenny Ledikwe, Gabrielle O’Malley, Shreshth Mawandia, Anwar Parvez, Lucy Perrone and Florindo Mudender

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:124

    Content type: Research

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  15. As African governments take measures to enhance international trade and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows, a major concern is that, these measures can make Africa more vulnerable to the strategies of the...

    Authors: Mustapha Immurana, Micheal Kofi Boachie and Kwame Godsway Kisseih

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:122

    Content type: Research

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  16. The declaration of any public health emergency in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is usually followed by the provision of technical and organizational support from international organizations, which bui...

    Authors: Bives Mutume Vivalya, Okesina Akeem Ayodeji, Yves Tibamwenda Bafwa, Louis Kasereka Muyisa, Astride Lina Piripiri and Jean-Bosco Kahindo Mbeva

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:121

    Content type: Commentary

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  17. Populations around the world are facing an increasing burden of firearm violence on mortality and disability. While firearm violence affects every country globally, the burden is significantly higher in many l...

    Authors: Meghan Werbick, Imran Bari, Nino Paichadze and Adnan A. Hyder

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:120

    Content type: Commentary

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  18. The major threat to human societies posed by undernutrition has been recognised for millennia. Despite substantial economic development and scientific innovation, however, progress in addressing this global ch...

    Authors: Jonathan C. K. Wells, Akanksha A. Marphatia, Gabriel Amable, Mario Siervo, Henrik Friis, J. Jaime Miranda, Hinke H. Haisma and David Raubenheimer

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:119

    Content type: Review

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  19. Regulation of food environments is needed to address the global challenge of poor nutrition, yet policy inertia has been a problem. A common argument against regulation is potential conflict with binding commi...

    Authors: Kelly Garton, Boyd Swinburn and Anne Marie Thow

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:118

    Content type: Research

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  20. The current pandemic of COVID-19 impacted the psychological wellbeing of populations globally.

    Authors: Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Patraporn Tungpunkom, Farhana Sultana, Sheikh M. Alif, Biswajit Banik, Masudus Salehin, Bindu Joseph, Louisa Lam, Mimmie Claudine Watts, Sabria Jihan Khan, Sherief Ghozy, Sek Ying Chair, Wai Tong Chien, Carlos Schönfeldt-Lecuona, Nashwa El-Khazragy…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. The patent linkage system upgraded patent challenges to an important factor in granting timely market approval for generic drugs. We aim to understand patent challenges and identify the factors that are associ...

    Authors: Kyung-Bok Son, Nahye Choi, Boram Lee, Joonsoo Byun, Dong-Wook Yang and Tae-Jin Lee

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:116

    Content type: Research

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  22. Various governments in Ghana have tried to improve healthcare in the country. Despite these efforts, meeting health care needs is a growing concern to government and their citizens. Short term medical missions...

    Authors: Efua Esaaba Mantey, Daniel Doh, Judith N. Lasker, Sirry Alang, Peter Donkor and Myron Aldrink

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:115

    Content type: Research

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  23. The pandemic generated by Covid-19 has changed the way of life of citizens around the world in a short time, affecting all areas of society directly or indirectly, which is facing a global health crisis with d...

    Authors: Pedro-José Martínez-Córdoba, Bernardino Benito and Isabel-María García-Sánchez

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:113

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  24. In the nearly half century since it began lending for population projects, the World Bank has become one of the largest financiers of global health projects and programs, a powerful voice in shaping health age...

    Authors: Marlee Tichenor, Janelle Winters, Katerini T. Storeng, Jesse Bump, Jean-Paul Gaudillière, Martin Gorsky, Mark Hellowell, Patrick Kadama, Katherine Kenny, Yusra Ribhi Shawar, Francisco Songane, Alexis Walker, Ryan Whitacre, Sumegha Asthana, Genevie Fernandes, Felix Stein…

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:110

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  25. Alcohol control has emerged as an important global health challenge due to the expanding influence of alcohol companies and limited control measures imposed by governments. In the Peruvian Andean highland, the...

    Authors: Sakiko Yamaguchi, Raphael Lencucha and Thomas G. Brown

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:109

    Content type: Research

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  26. A large body of literature exists on trade liberalisation and the ways in which trade agreements can affect food systems. However, the systematic and objective monitoring of these and their impact on national ...

    Authors: Amerita Ravuvu, Joe Pakoa Lui, Adolphe Bani, Anna Wells Tavoa, Raymond Vuti and Si Thu Win Tin

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:107

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. The severity of COVID-19, as well as the speed and scale of its spread, has posed a global challenge. Countries around the world have implemented stringent non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPI) to control tra...

    Authors: Charbel El Bcheraoui, Sophie Alice Müller, Eleanor C Vaughan, Andreas Jansen, Robert Cook and Johanna Hanefeld

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:106

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Health workforce planning is critical for health systems to safeguard the ability to afford, train, recruit, and retain the appropriate number and mix of health workers. This balance is especially important wh...

    Authors: Tracy Kuo Lin, Tim A. Bruckner, Taghred Alghaith, Mariam M. Hamza, Mohammed Alluhidan, Christopher H. Herbst, Hussah Alghodaier, Adwa Alamri, Rana Saber, Nahar Alazemi and Jenny X. Liu

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Globalization and Health 2021 17:127

  29. Trade and health scholars have raised concern that international trade and particularly investment disputes may be used by transnational health harmful commodity corporations (THCCs) to effectively generate pu...

    Authors: Penelope Milsom, Richard Smith, Simon Moeketsi Modisenyane and Helen Walls

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Refugees often face psychosocial complexity and multi-dimensional healthcare needs. Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) methods have been previously employed in designing health programs for refugee ...

    Authors: Tali Filler, Pardeep Kaur Benipal, Nazi Torabi and Ripudaman Singh Minhas

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Nepal has improved access and utilisation of routine maternal and newborn health (MNH) services. Despite improved access to routine MNH services such as antenatal care (ANC), and delivery and postnatal care (P...

    Authors: Resham B. Khatri, Jo Durham and Yibeltal Assefa

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Despite progress in global health, the general disease burden still disproportionately falls on low- and middle-income countries. The health needs of these countries’ populations are unmet because there is a s...

    Authors: Vivian Chia-Jou Lee, Jacqueline Yao and William Zhang

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:101

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  33. Global health education partnerships should be collaborative and reciprocal to ensure mutual benefit. Utilisation of digital technologies can overcome geographic boundaries and facilitate collaborative global ...

    Authors: Roshit K. Bothara, Malama Tafuna’i, Tim J. Wilkinson, Jen Desrosiers, Susan Jack, Philip K. Pattemore, Tony Walls, Faafetai Sopoaga, David R. Murdoch and Andrew P. Miller

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:99

    Content type: Research

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  34. Obligations arising from trade and investment agreements can affect how governments can regulate and organise health systems. The European Union has made explicit statements of safeguarding policy space for he...

    Authors: Meri Koivusalo, Noora Heinonen and Liina-Kaisa Tynkkynen

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:98

    Content type: Research

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  35. As Arab countries seek to implement the ‘Guideline on Good Pharmacovigilance Practice (GVP) for Arab countries’, understanding policy implementation mechanisms and the factors impacting it can inform best impl...

    Authors: Hamza Y. Garashi, Douglas T. Steinke and Ellen I. Schafheutle

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:97

    Content type: Research

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  36. International air travel has been highlighted as a concern since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic with respect to importation of cases. We summarise the available evidence for in-flight transmission of w...

    Authors: David Kelly, Niamh Bambury and Mairin Boland

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:93

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  37. Transparency and accountability are essential components at all stages of the trade negotiation process. This study evaluates the extent to which these principles were upheld in the United States’ public consu...

    Authors: Anna S. Y. Wong, Clarke B. Cole and Jillian C. Kohler

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:92

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Understanding how the development of obesogenic food environments and the consumption of ultra-processed foods and beverages influence each other can help policymakers to identify effective ways to curb the cu...

    Authors: Fabrizio Ferretti, Michele Mariani and Elena Sarti

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. International medical electives are a well-established part of the curriculum of many western medical schools. It is widely accepted that these electives contribute to improved clinical examination and communi...

    Authors: Maximilian Andreas Storz, Ann-Kathrin Lederer and Eric Pieter Heymann

    Citation: Globalization and Health 2021 17:90

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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